Have asthma? Get some helpful tips on how to manage it here!
Do you have asthma or know someone who does? Chances are, the answer is yes. Asthma affects as many as one in 12 people in the U.S. It is also one of the most common long-term conditions in children. Many adults have asthma, too.
Asthma affects the lungs and airways and can cause difficulty breathing, wheezing, tightness in the chest, and coughing—especially in the morning or at night.
Asthma can’t be cured, but it can be managed. Managing asthma can help reduce symptoms and asthma attacks, improve sleep, and reduce the likelihood of going to the hospital or missing days at work or school because of asthma.
Check out these four ways you can manage your asthma and prevent asthma attacks.
If you or your child has asthma, make sure you see your doctor regularly. Your doctor can help you identify asthma triggers and ways to avoid them. Your doctor can also prescribe medicine and work with you to find the treatments or therapies that are best for you or your child and help you make an asthma action plan.
An asthma action plan can help you or your child keep track of which medicines to take and when, when to go to the doctor, and when to go to the ER or call 9-1-1. You can also use an asthma action plan to track asthma symptoms and which triggers make them worse.
If your child has asthma, give a copy of his/her asthma action to plan to his/her school and other caregivers, including babysitters, school nurses, and family members.
Talk to your doctor about creating a plan for you or your child. You can also find a sample asthma action plan here.
In most cases, medicine can help to manage asthma. Asthma medicines come in two types—quick-relief and long-term control. Long-term controllers are used every day to manage asthma symptoms and prevent attacks, and quick-relief medicines are used when symptoms of an asthma attack occur.
If your doctor prescribes asthma medicine for you or your child, use it as directed and be sure to fill prescriptions. Keep using long-term control medicine as directed, even if you or your child feels fine.
Asthma symptoms and attacks have many causes—called triggers—which include smoke, dust, mold, bugs, animal fur, head colds, flu, and more.
Not all people with asthma have the same triggers, so it’s important to know what yours are. If you don’t know what your triggers are, your doctor may be able to help you identify them. Avoiding triggers can help prevent asthma attacks.
Want to learn more about asthma? Get four fast facts here!
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“Asthma,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. February 1, 2016.
“Asthma Action Plan,” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. April 2007.
“Asthma in the U.S.,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. May 3, 2011.
“How is Asthma Treated and Controlled?” National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. August 4, 2014.